Tel: విశాఖపట్నం viśākhapaṭnaṁ
‘Visakha’s City’ [Waltair] City/District, Andhra Pradesh
From Visakha and Tel: paṭṭaṇam, ‘(port/coastal) town’, ‘city
There are many candidates for this derivation:
(1) Sri Vishākhā Devi, a gopi deity associated with Lord Krishna; (2) Visakha , the god of valour whose temple is rumoured to lie underwater 2km off the coast; (3) Visakha, the chief female patron of the Buddha (this was once a Buddhist kingdom).
Waltair was a British corruption of the name, Vizag is an abbreviation.
Visakhapatnam is the fourth largest city in South India and, with a GDP of $43.5 billion, the ninth largest contributor to India economic performance.
Its economy is centred around its port, seafood exports, IT, shipbuilding and pharmaceuticals.