Historic Kingdom and Region, Kerala
From Tam: tiru ‘eminent’, ‘prosperous’; vāḻum , ‘prosperity’, ‘happiness’; and kōṭu, ‘(fortified) place’, ‘stronghold’.
The kingdom of Travancore was named after Thiruvithamkodu in present-day Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu.
It ruled most southern parts of Kerala (and the southernmost tip of Tamil Nadu) from about 1729 until 1949 when it became the state of Travancore and Cochin.
In 1956 it merged with Malabar to become the state of Kerala.