Telangana (Tel)

Tel: తెలంగాణ telaṅgāṇa

‘(People or Land of the) South‘.

From Gon: telangadh/telnar, ‘southern (people or language)’ [Pdr/Tam: teṉ, ‘south’, ‘southern region’; Tel: tenugu/telugu, ‘people/language (of the south)’].

The name of the language and people, Telugu, is related to the land, Telangana. Both Gondi and Telugu show an ‘n’ -> ‘l’ sound shift from an proto-Dravidian root, *ten. The Gond use dates back 2,000 years and 14th-16thC inscriptions record early uses of the name Tilang(ani) or Tulingana.

Also suggested is: ‘(Country of the) Three Lingas’. From Skt: tri, ‘three’; and Skt: linga, ‘phallic image/idol’ [referring to Shaivite shrines at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam and Draksharama].

Telangana was a part of the former princely state of the Nizam of Hyderabad. The name differentiated the Telugu-speaking region of the state from its Marathi-speaking  neighbours.

Following Independence the state became part of India. When Andhra Pradesh separated from Madras in 1953 the two Telugu-speaking states, despite their social and economic differences, were merged on the understanding that the interests of Telangana would be safeguarded. A prolonged struggle suggested that these promises had not been kept and Telangana broke away in 2014.

Telangana is a land-locked state surrounded by five other states (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Odisha).

The Origin Story of India's States

Adilabad (Tel)

Tel: అదిలాబాదు adilābādu ‘Cattle Town’ [Eddulapuram, Edlabad] City/District,...

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Khammam (Tel)

Tel: ఖమ్మం khammaṁ ‘Pillar Rock’ [Stambhadri, Kambhadri, Kambham mettu]...

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Mahabubnagar (Tel)

Tel: మహాబుబ్‌నగర్  mahābub‌nagar  ‘City of Mahbub Ali Khan’ [Rukmammapeta] ...

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Medak (Tel)

Tel: మెదక medaka ‘City of Boiled Rice’  [Methukuseema, Gulshanabad,...

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Miryalaguda (Tel)

Tel: మిర్యాలగూడ miryālagūḍa ‘Pepper Village’  City, Telangana  From Tel:...

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Nalgonda (Tel)

Tel: నల్గొండ nalgoṇḍa ‘Black Hill’ [Neelagiri, Nalgunda, Nalagonda]...

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Ramagundam (Tel)

Tel: రామగుండం rāmaguṇḍaṁ 'Rama's Tank'  City/District, Telangana From Rama and...

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Secunderabad (Tel)

Tel: సికింద్రాబాద్ sikindrābād ‘Sikander’s City’  [Lashkar, Sikandarabad]...

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Suryapet (Tel)

Tel: సూర్యాపేట sūryāpēṭa  ‘Sun City’  [Bhanupuri] City/District, Telangana...

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Warangal (Tel)

Tel: వరంగల్ varaṅgal ‘Single Stone Settlement’ [Ekashilanagaram, Orugallu] ...

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