(Hin): शहीद द्वीप śahīd dvīp
‘Martyr’s Island’ [Neill Island]
From Skt: shahīd, ‘martyr’; and Skt: dvīpa, ‘ island’.
James George Smith Neill was a British soldier who was promoted to the rank of Colonel during the 1857-9 Indian Rebellion . He is infamous for ordering the indiscriminate killing of Indians off the battlefield.
The island was renamed in 2018 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the raising of the Indian flag on the Islands by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose who was later ‘martyred’ when a Japanese plane crashed in Taiwan. Some continue to deny the crash was an accident.