Ritchie’s Archipelago is a group of small islands which form part of the Andamans.

The main islands are:

Havelock Island – 92.2 sq. km
Henry Lawrence Island – 54.7 sq. km
John Lawrence Island – 34.8 sq. km
Peel Island – 23.7 sq. km
Wilson Island – 14.3 sq. km
Outram Island – 13.9 sq. km
Neill Island – 13.7 sq. km

John Ritchie was an 18th century Marine Surveyor who spent nearly twenty years charting this region. It was work he described as:

uncommonly severe, uncommonly hazardous, and equally unprofitable; for what advantage could be obtained from tracking a labyrinth of woods and rivers? Or from exploring the shoals of a shelving and broken Sea Coast? All of which are uninhabited, and seldom visited, except perhaps in the disastrous case of shipwreck.’

For related place names see Indian Place names and Andaman & Nicobar Islands place names.