Guj: પાટણ pāṭaṇa

‘(Anahil’s) City’   -City/District, Gujarat

From Skt/Guj: pattana/paṭṭana, ‘town’, ‘city’. 

King Vanaraja of the 8thC Chavda dynasty founded this city and, according to legend, named it Anahilpur or Anahilpattana after a cowherd who chose the location. The word Patan is a corruption of this.

Anhilpur Patan served as the capital of three dynasties in medieval Gujarat: the Chavadas (8-10thC), the Chalukyas (10-13thC) and the Veghelas (13-14thC).  In the Chalukya period it was one of the top 10 cities in the world with a population of 100,000.

Patan has many important archaeological sites including the Old City and Fort, and the Rani ki vav (Queen’s Stepwell).

For related place names see Indian Place names and Gujarat place names.


Rani ki vav, Patan     Bernard Gagnon