Guj: પંચમહાલ pan̄camahāla
‘Five Mahals’ -District, Gujarat
From Hin/Skt: panch, ‘five’; and Hin/Urd: mahal, ‘(political) division’ (originally ‘palace’).
A mahal is an administrative division in India corresponding to a township (and ancillary villages), tehsil or taluk.
The Panchmahals are the five divisions that were transferred by Jivajirao Scindia, Maharaja of Gwalior State, to the British: Godhra, Dahod, Halol, Kalol and Jhalod.
The Panchmahals included areas with important mineral deposits (sandstone, granite and manganese) as well as the culturally important deserted city of Champaner.