Odisha (Odi)

Odi: ଓଡ଼ିଶା ōḍiśā

‘Land of the Odras’ [Orissa]

From Skt/Pkt: odra/odda‘Odra (people)’; Skt/Pkt: visaya/ rāṣṭra,/rājya‘kingdom, territory, region’. 

In 2011 the state officially changed its name from Orissa to Odisha and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia.

Orissa was a British corruption of Odis(h)a, itself a variation of Odda Visaya, a name recorded in the 11thC and as Odra Rashtra or Rajya in the 15thC.

Odisha’s territory matches that of the ancient kingdom of Kalinga. It was in the aftermath of the Kalinga War in the  3rdC BC that Asoka famously repented and converted to Buddhism.

Odisha is home to more than sixty distinct ancient tribal groups and one ultra-modern missile testing site near Chandipur which has test-fired around one hundred missiles up to a range of 5,000km.

The Origin Story of India's States

Angul (Odi)

Odi: ଅନୁଗୋଳ anugoḻa ‘Pleasant City’  [Angulaka-Pattana, Anugul] -...

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Asika/Aska (Odi)

Odi: ଆସିକା  āsikā  ‘Sugar City’ [Aska] City/District, Odisha From Odi: ikṡhu,...

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Balangir (Odi)

Odi: ବଲାଙ୍ଗୀର balāṅgīra ‘Balaram’s Fort’ [Balramgarh/Bolangir]-...

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Balasore (Odi)

ବାଲେଶ୍ୱର୍ bālēśॱr ‘Lord of the Forest’ [Baleshwar] - City/District, Odisha It...

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Bargarh (Odi)

ବରଗଡ଼ baragaṛa ‘Great Fort’ City/District, Odisha From Odi: baṛa/baṛd̩a,...

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Baripada (Odi)

ବାରିପଦା bāripadā ‘Water Village’  City, Odisha From Odi: bāri , ‘water’; padā,...

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Bhawanipatna (Odi)

Odi: ଭବାନୀପାଟଣା bhabānīpāṭaṇā ‘City of the Goddess’ City/District, Odisha From...

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Bhubaneswar (Odi)

Odi: ଭୁବନେଶ୍ଵର bhubanēśvara ‘Lord of the (Three) Worlds’  City, Odisha From...

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Cuttack (Odi)

Odi: କଟକ kaṭaka  ‘Royal Fort’ [Bidanasi Katak]  City/District, Odisha From...

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Dhenkanal (Odi)

Odi: ଢେଙ୍କାନାଳ ḍhēṅkānāḷa ‘Dhenka’s Land’  Town/District, Odisha  From Dhenka...

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Jeypore (Odi)

Odi: ଜୟପୁର jaẏapura ‘City of Victory’  [Jeypore Kalinga Rajya, Jeypore...

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Paradip (Odi)

Odi: ପାରାଦୀପ pārādīpa ‘Pigeon Island’  City/Port, Odisha From Odi: pārā,...

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Phulbani (Odi)

Odi: ଫୁଲବାଣୀ phulabāṇī ‘Flower Grove’ Town/District HQ Odisha From Odi: phula,...

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Puri (Odi)

Odi: ପୁରୀ purī ‘City (of the Supreme Being)’ [Purushottama Puri, Sri...

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Rayagada (Odi)

Odi: ରାୟଗଡ଼ rāẏagaṛa ‘King’s Fort’  Town/District, Odisha  From Odi:  raya,...

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Rourkela (Odi)

Odi: ରାଉରକେଲା rāurakēlā ‘Raura Village’ [Raurkela]  City, Odisha  From...

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Similipal (Odi)

Odi: ଶିମିଳିପାଳ śimiḷipāḷa ‘Silk Cotton Tree’  National Park/Tiger Reserve,...

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Taptapani (Odi)

 Odi: ତପ୍ତପାଣି taptapāṇi ‘Hot Springs’ From Odi: tapta, ‘hot’; and pāṇi,...

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