Hin: झारखण्ड jhārakhaṇḍa
‘Forest Region’ [Vananchal]
From Hin: jhār, ‘thicket’, ‘dense forest’; and Hin: khaṇḍ, ‘region’, ‘section’.
Jharkhand broke away from Bihar in 2000. This area was previously known as Vananchal [Hin: van, ‘forest’; Hin: anchal, ‘region’].
It has a significant tribal population and abundant mineral resources: it is no. 1 in India for iron ore, copper, mica, kainite and asbestos; and in the top three for coal bauxite and thorium.