Gujarat (Guj)

Guj: ગુજરાત gujarāt

‘Land of Gurjars’ 

From Skt/Pkt: gurjara, ‘Gurjara people’; and Skt: rashtra, ‘land’, ‘country’, ‘region’.

The Gurjara/Gujjar tribe, early immigrants from central Asia (originally herdsmen), dominated eastern Rajasthan, northern Gujarat in the 6th-10thC. 

At Independence the ‘Baroda, Western India, and Gujarat States Agency’ had over one-half of India’s princely states. After Independence the region briefly became part of a joint Marathi-Gujarati state from 1956 before emerging as a state in its own right in 1960. 

The modern Gujarat has the third largest state economy in India. Historically, the Gujaratis have been seafarers and traders with a tradition of overseas migration: one-third of the Indian diaspora is Gujarati in origin. 

Gujarati is an Indo-European language and this is reflected in its place-names which are mostly Gujarati and show correspondences with Sanskrit, Prakrit, Urdu and the languages of neighbouring states.

The Origin Story of India's States

Ahmedabad (Guj)

Guj: અમદાવાદ  amadāvāda ‘Ahmad’s City’  [Ashaval, Karnavati, Amdavad] ...

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Amreli (Guj)

Guj: અમરેલી amarēlī ‘Immortal Village’  [Amarvalli/Amarpalli] -...

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Anand (Guj)

Guj: આણંદ āṇand(a) ‘City of Joy’   -City/District, Gujarat From Guj/Skt:...

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Banaskantha (Guj)

Guj: બનાસકાંઠા  banāsakāṇṭhā ‘Bank of the River Banas’  - District,  Gujarat...

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Bharuch (Guj)

Guj: ભરૂચ bharūc(h) ‘Bhrigu’s Riverbank’  [Broach]  -City/District, Gujarat...

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Bhavnagar (Guj)

Guj: ભાવનગર  bhāvanagara ‘Bhavsinhji’s City’  - City/District, Gujarat From...

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Bhuj (Guj)

Guj: ભુજ  bhuja ‘Bend’  City/Capital of Kutch District, Gujarat From Skt:...

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Champaner (Guj)

Guj: ચાંપાનેર  c(h)āmpānēra ‘Champa’s City’ - [Muhammadabad] - Ancient City...

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Dahod (Guj)

Guj: દાહોદ dāhōda ‘Two Borders’   -City/District, Gujarat From Hin: do, ‘two’;...

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Dangs (Guj)

Guj: ડાંગ ḍāṅga ‘Bamboo Forest’  District, Gujarat From Skt: dhān(us),...

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Dhrang (Guj)

Guj: ધ્રાંગ dhrāṅga '(Frontier) Town'  -Village, Gujarat From Skt: draṅga,...

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Dhrangadhra (Guj)

Guj: ધ્રાંગધ્રા dhrāṅgadhrā ‘City Land’  -Town, Gujarat From Skt: draṅga,...

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Dwarka (Guj)

Guj: દ્વારકા dvārakā ‘Gated City’ [Dwaravati, Mokshapuri, Dwarkamati] ...

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Gandhinagar (Guj)

Guj: ગાંધીનગર gāndhīnagara ‘Gandhi City’ -City/Capital/District, Gujarat From...

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Godhra (Guj)

Guj: ગોધરા gōdharā ‘Cow Land’   -Town, Gujarat From Skt: go, ‘cow’; and Skt:...

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Hazira (Guj)

Guj: હજીરા hajīrā ‘Tomb’   -City, Port, Suburb (Surat), Gujarat From Urd: ...

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Himatnagar (Guj)

હિંમતનગર  himmatanagara ‘Himmat Singh’s City’  [Ahmednagar]  -City, Capital...

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Idar (Guj)

Guj: ઇડર iḍar(a)  ‘Ilva Fort’ - Town, Gujarat Ilvadurg. Idar (a.k.a. Ilvadurg)...

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Jamnagar (Guj)

Guj: જામનગર jāmanagara 'City of the Jam Dynasty’   - City/District,  Gujarat...

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Junagadh (Guj)

Guj: જુનાગઢ junāgaḍh ‘Old Fort’  -City/District,  Gujarat From Guj/Skt:...

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Kathiawar (Guj)

Guj: કાઠીયાવાડ kāṭhīyāvāḍa ‘Land of the Kathis’ -Region/Peninsula, Gujarat...

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Khambat (Guj)

Guj: ખંભાત khambhāt 'Pillar Village’  [Cambay, Khambavati]  - City, Gujarat...

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Kheda (Guj)

Guj: ખેડા khēḍā ‘Field’  [Khetaka]  -City/District, Gujarat From Skt: kshetra,...

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Lothal (Guj)

Guj: લોથલ lōthala ‘Mound of the Dead’  -Archaeological site, Gujarat From...

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Mandvi (Guj)

Guj: માંડવી māṇḍavī ‘Settlement’   -Town (Kutch District),  Gujarat From...

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Modhera (Guj)

Guj: મોઢેરા mōḍhērā ‘City of Joy’ - Village/Temple, Gujarat From Skt: modaḥ...

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Mundra (Guj)

Guj: મુન્દ્રા mundrā ‘Picturesque'  -Town/Port (Kutch District), Gujarat...

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Nalsarovar (Guj)

Guj: નળ સરોવર naḷa sarōvara ‘Drain Lake’  -Lake/Bird Sanctuary, Gujarat From...

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Navsari (Guj)

Guj: નવસારી navasārī ‘New Inn’   - City/District,Gujarat From Skt/Hin/Guj:...

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Palanpur (Guj)

Guj: પાલનપુર pālanapura ‘Palansi’s Town’  [Prahaladanapura]  - City,  Gujarat...

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Palitana (Guj)

Guj: પાલીતાણા pālītāṇā ‘Sanctuary’  [Padliptpur] -Temple town, Gujarat. From...

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Panchmahal (Guj)

Guj: પંચમહાલ pan̄camahāla ‘Five Mahals’ -District, Gujarat From Hin/Skt:...

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Patan (Guj)

Guj: પાટણ pāṭaṇa ‘(Anahil’s) City’   -City/District, Gujarat From Skt/Guj:...

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Porbandar (Guj)

Guj: પોરબંદર pōrabandara ‘Porav’s Port’  -City/District, Gujarat. From Porav...

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Rajkot (Guj)

Guj: રાજકોટ rājakōṭa ‘Raju’s Fort’   -City/District, Gujarat From Raju and...

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Sabarkantha (Guj)

Guj: સાબરકાંઠા sābarakāṇṭhā ‘Bank of the Sabaramati River’ District, Gujarat...

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Saurashtra (Guj)

Guj: સૌરાષ્ટ્ર saurāṣṭra ‘Sun Kingdom’   Region, Gujarat From Skt: surya, ‘sun...

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Siddhpur (Guj)

Guj: સિધ્ધપુર sidhdhapura ‘Siddhraj's City’  [Sristhal]  -Town, Gujarat From...

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Somnath (Guj)

Guj: સોમનાથ sōmanātha  ‘Lord of the Soma’  -Temple,  Gujarat From Skt: soma,...

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Surat (Guj)

Guj: સુરત surat ‘Sun City’ [Surajpur/Suryapur] -City/District,  Gujarat From...

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Surendranagara (Guj)

Guj: સુરેન્દ્રનગર surēndranagara  ‘Surendra’s City’ [Wadhwan] -Town/District,...

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Vadodara (Guj)

Guj: વડોદરા vaḍōdarā ‘Banyan Tree’  [Chandanavati, Virakshetra/Viravati,...

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Valsad (Guj)

Guj: વલસાડ valasāḍa ‘Banyans’  [Bulsar(a), Vadsal] - City/District  Gujarat...

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