Mal: എറണാകുളം eṟaṇākuḷaṁ
‘Shiva’s Tank’ City/District, Kerala
From Iraiyanar, the Lord (Shiva); and Tam/Mal: kuḷam, ‘tank’, ‘reservoir’
Shiva is the patron deity of Ernakulam and the 4,000 sq km Ernakulathappan Shiva Temple is the city’s most important temple: it dates back to the Sangam Era.
Ernakulam, Kochi’s city centre, is the commercial capital of Kerala.