Hin: बक्सर baksar

‘Tiger Pool’   City/District, Bihar 

From Skt/Hin: व्याघ्र vyāghra/बाघ bāgh, ‘tiger’; and सर sar,  ‘pond’, ‘pool’.

There are three main suggestions for the etymology of Buxar’s name:

(1) A tank or lake in the centre of the city, some say,  was called Aghsar [अघ agha, ‘sin’; and सर sara, ‘washing away’, ‘cathartic’, ‘purgative’] and the name was corrupted:  AghsarBaghsarBuxar.

(2) There is also a myth that tells the story of a rishi called Vedshira whose face was disfigured into a tiger shape following a curse from Durvasha, another rishi. Miraculously, his own face was restored after bathing in the holy tank, and the tank was named ‘Tiger Tank’. It is also entirely possible that it was so named because tigers are cool!

(3) Skt: व्याघ्रः vyāghra is another name for the castor-oil plant Ricinus communis.

The Buxar Fort was built by King Rudra Deo in 1054. The 1764 Battle of Buxar was fought near it. The battle resulted in the surrender of the Mughal Emperor (and the Nawab of Bengal) in the the Treaty of Allahabad and established the supremacy of the British East India Company in North India. 

The $800m New Ganga Bridge, connecting Balia and Buxar, is nearing completion.

For related place names see Indian Place names and Bihar place names.