Bihar (Bih)

Hin: बिहार bihār

‘Monastery’

From Skt/Pali: vihāra, ‘abode’, ‘(Buddhist) monastery’.

Bihar has a rich Buddhist heritage. It boasts the site of the Buddha’s Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya and has many other historic Buddist centres and vihāras dating back to ancient and medieval times [see video: ‘Bihar Buddhist Circuit’].

Viharas in India were originally a monsoon refuge for monks with cells and an open courtyard. Bihar was also the birthplace of both the 2nd-4thC BCE Mauryan and 3rd-6thC Gupta dynasties, dominant empires in north India and beyond.

With 1,000 people per square kilometre Bihar is India’s most densely populated state.

                                              Administrative Divisions of Bihar

Arrah/Ara (Bih)

Hin: आरा āra 'Forest Town'  City, Bihar From Skt: aranya, ‘forest’; and Skt:...

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Aurangabad (Bih)

Hin: औरंगाबाद  auraṅgābād ‘Aurangzeb’s City’   City/District, Bihar From...

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Bagaha (Bih)

Hin: बगह bagha ‘Garden’  City, Bihar From Hin/Bih: बग(हा) baga(ha), ‘garden’,...

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Begusarai (Bih)

Hin: बेगूसराय begusrāy ‘Ladies’ Inn’  City/District, Bihar (Bih) From Hin/Urd:...

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Bettiah (Bih)

Hin: बेतिया betiya  ‘Cane Town’  City, Bihar From Hin: बेंत bē(n)t, ‘cane’...

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Bhagalpur (Bih)

Hin:भागलपुर bhāglapur ‘City of Fortune’ [Bhagatpur] City, Bihar From Hin/Urd:...

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Bihar Sharif (Bih)

Hin: बिहार शरीफ bihār shariph ‘Exalted Saint’  City/District HQ, Bihar  From...

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Buxar (Bih)

Hin: बक्सर baksar ‘Tiger Pool’   City/District, Bihar  From Skt/Hin: व्याघ्र...

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Champaran (Bih)

Hin: पश्चिम/पूर्वी चंपारण pashchim/purwi champāran ‘Magnolia Forest’...

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Darbhanga (Bih)

Hin/Bih: दरभंगा darbhanga ‘Gateway to Bengal’    City/District, Bihar  From...

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Daudnagar (Bih)

Hin/Bih: दाउद नगर dāud nagar ‘Daud Khan’s City’    Town, Bihar Daud Khan, one...

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Hajipur (Bih)

हाजीपुर hājipur ‘Haji’s City’  [Ukkacala] City, Bihar (Bih) From Urd: حاجی...

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Jamalpur (Bih)

जमालपुर jamālpur  ‘Jamal’s City’  City/District, Bihar (Bih) Jamalpur was...

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Jehanabad (Bih)

जहानाबाद jahānābād  ‘Jahanara’s City’ [Jahanarabad] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Katihar (Bih)

कटिहार katihār ‘Mound’  [Saifganj] City/District, Bihar (Bih) The first...

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Kishanganj (Bih)

किशनगंज kishnaganj ‘Krishna Grove’ [Krishanakunj] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Madhubani (Bih)

मधुबनी madhubanī ‘Honey Forest’ City/District, Bihar (Bih) From Hin: madhu,...

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Motihari (Bih)

मोतिहारी mōtihārī  ‘Pearl Garland’ City, Bihar (Bih) From Hin: mōtī, ‘pearl’;...

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Munger (Bih)

मुंगेर muṅgēr ‘Hammer Hill’ [Mudgagiri, Monghyr] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Muzaffarpur (Bih)

मुजफ्फरपुर mujaphpharapura ‘Muzaffar’s City’ From Muzaffar Khan and Skt:...

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Nawada (Bih)

नवादा navādā ‘New Town’ [Eliot Bazaar] From Skt: nava, ‘new’; vāṭa,...

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Patna (Bih)

पटना paṭanā ‘Port’ [Pataligram, Pataliputra, Patalipatnam]...

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Rajgir (Bih)

राजगीर rājagīr ‘King’s Mansion’  [Rājagṛha, Rājagaha] City/District, Bihar...

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Saharsa (Bih)

सहरसा saharasā ‘Thousand Streams’  City/District, Bihar From Skt: sahasra,...

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Sasaram (Bih)

सासाराम sāsārāma ‘Thousand Groves’ From Skt: sāhasra , ‘thousand’; and...

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Shergarh (Bih)

शेरगढ़ śēragaṛha ‘Sher Shah Suri’s Fort’ Fort, Bihar From Urd/Hin: gaḍh, gaṛh,...

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Sitamarhi (Bihar)

सीतामढ़ी sītāmaṛhī ‘Sita’s Cottage’ City/District, Bihar From Sita, wife of...

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Siwan (Bih)

सिवान sivāna ‘Bier’  City/District, Bihar There are two suggestions for the...

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Shahabad (Bih)

शाहाबाद śāhābāda ‘King's City’   From Urd: shah, ‘king’; and ābād, ‘city’,...

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