Bihar (Bih)

Hin: बिहार bihār

‘Monastery’

From Skt/Pali: vihāra, ‘abode’, ‘(Buddhist) monastery’.

Bihar has a rich Buddhist heritage. It boasts the site of the Buddha’s Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya and has many other historic Buddist centres and vihāras dating back to ancient and medieval times [see video: ‘Bihar Buddhist Circuit’].

Viharas in India were originally a monsoon refuge for monks with cells and an open courtyard. Bihar was also the birthplace of both the 2nd-4thC BCE Mauryan and 3rd-6thC Gupta dynasties, dominant empires in north India and beyond.

With 1,000 people per square kilometre Bihar is India’s most densely populated state.

The Greatest Folk Tales of Bihar

                                              Administrative Divisions of Bihar

Arrah/Ara (Bih)

Hin: आरा āra 'Forest Town'  City, Bihar From Skt: aranya, ‘forest’; and Skt:...

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Aurangabad (Bih)

Hin: औरंगाबाद  auraṅgābād ‘Aurangzeb’s City’   City/District, Bihar From...

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Bagaha (Bih)

Hin: बगह bagha ‘Garden’  City, Bihar From Hin/Bih: बग(हा) baga(ha), ‘garden’,...

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Begusarai (Bih)

Hin: बेगूसराय begusrāy ‘Ladies’ Inn’  City/District, Bihar (Bih) From Hin/Urd:...

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Bettiah (Bih)

Hin: बेतिया betiya  ‘Cane Town’  City, Bihar From Hin: बेंत bē(n)t, ‘cane’...

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Bhagalpur (Bih)

Hin:भागलपुर bhāglapur ‘City of Fortune’ [Bhagatpur] City, Bihar From Hin/Urd:...

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Bihar Sharif (Bih)

Hin: बिहार शरीफ bihār shariph ‘Exalted Saint’  City/District HQ, Bihar  From...

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Buxar (Bih)

Hin: बक्सर baksar ‘Tiger Pool’   City/District, Bihar  From Skt/Hin: व्याघ्र...

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Champaran (Bih)

Hin: पश्चिम/पूर्वी चंपारण pashchim/purwi champāran ‘Magnolia Forest’...

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Darbhanga (Bih)

Hin/Bih: दरभंगा darbhanga ‘Gateway to Bengal’    City/District, Bihar  From...

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Daudnagar (Bih)

Hin/Bih: दाउद नगर dāud nagar ‘Daud Khan’s City’    Town, Bihar Daud Khan, one...

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Hajipur (Bih)

हाजीपुर hājipur ‘Haji’s City’  [Ukkacala] City, Bihar (Bih) From Urd: حاجی...

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Jamalpur (Bih)

जमालपुर jamālpur  ‘Jamal’s City’  City/District, Bihar (Bih) Jamalpur was...

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Jehanabad (Bih)

जहानाबाद jahānābād  ‘Jahanara’s City’ [Jahanarabad] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Katihar (Bih)

कटिहार katihār ‘Mound’  [Saifganj] City/District, Bihar (Bih) The first...

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Kishanganj (Bih)

किशनगंज kishnaganj ‘Krishna Grove’ [Krishanakunj] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Madhubani (Bih)

मधुबनी madhubanī ‘Honey Forest’ City/District, Bihar (Bih) From Hin: madhu,...

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Motihari (Bih)

मोतिहारी mōtihārī  ‘Pearl Garland’ City, Bihar (Bih) From Hin: mōtī, ‘pearl’;...

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Munger (Bih)

मुंगेर muṅgēr ‘Hammer Hill’ [Mudgagiri, Monghyr] City/District, Bihar (Bih)...

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Muzaffarpur (Bih)

मुजफ्फरपुर mujaphpharapura ‘Muzaffar’s City’ From Muzaffar Khan and Skt:...

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Nawada (Bih)

नवादा navādā ‘New Town’ [Eliot Bazaar] From Skt: nava, ‘new’; vāṭa,...

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Patna (Bih)

पटना paṭanā ‘Port’ [Pataligram, Pataliputra, Patalipatnam]...

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Rajgir (Bih)

राजगीर rājagīr ‘King’s Mansion’  [Rājagṛha, Rājagaha] City/District, Bihar...

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Saharsa (Bih)

सहरसा saharasā ‘Thousand Streams’  City/District, Bihar From Skt: sahasra,...

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Sasaram (Bih)

सासाराम sāsārāma ‘Thousand Groves’ From Skt: sāhasra , ‘thousand’; and...

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Shergarh (Bih)

शेरगढ़ śēragaṛha ‘Sher Shah Suri’s Fort’ Fort, Bihar From Urd/Hin: gaḍh, gaṛh,...

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Sitamarhi (Bihar)

सीतामढ़ी sītāmaṛhī ‘Sita’s Cottage’ City/District, Bihar From Sita, wife of...

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Siwan (Bih)

सिवान sivāna ‘Bier’  City/District, Bihar There are two suggestions for the...

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Shahabad (Bih)

शाहाबाद śāhābāda ‘King's City’   From Urd: shah, ‘king’; and ābād, ‘city’,...

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