Bihar (Bih)

Hin: बिहार bihār


From Skt/Pali: vihāra, ‘abode’, ‘(Buddhist) monastery’.

Bihar has a rich Buddhist heritage. It boasts the site of the Buddha’s Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya and has many other historic Buddist centres and vihāras dating back to ancient and medieval times [see video: ‘Bihar Buddhist Circuit’].

Viharas in India were originally a monsoon refuge for monks with cells and an open courtyard. Bihar was also the birthplace of both the 2nd-4thC BCE Mauryan and 3rd-6thC Gupta dynasties, dominant empires in north India and beyond.

With 1,000 people per square kilometre Bihar is India’s most densely populated state.

Arrah/Ara (Bih)

Hin: आरा āra 'Forest Town'  City, Bihar From Skt: aranya, ‘forest’; and Skt:...

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Aurangabad (Bih)

Hin: औरंगाबाद  auraṅgābād ‘Aurangzeb’s City’   City/District, Bihar From...

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