Hin: भोपाल bhopāl

‘Bhoj’s Dam’  [Bhojapala] – Capital/City/District, Madhya Pradesh  

From (King) Bhoj and Hin: pāla ’embankment (to confine water for irrigation)’, ‘dam’, ‘dike’

Bhojpal or Bhoj’s dam is the great dam which supports Bhopal city lakes. It was built in the 11thC by a Minister of Raja Bhoja, a king of the Paramara dynasty which ruled Malwa and surrounding regions from their capital at Dhar.

The city was built on a sandstone ridge which separates the two lakes.

Bhopal is known as the ‘City of Lakes’, including the Bada Talab, ‘Upper Lake’ which is 36 sq. km; and the ‘Chhota Talab’, ‘Lower Lake’ which is just under 2 sq. km.

Sadly, Bhopal is also famous for the December 1984 Union Carbide Disaster when a leak at a pesticide plant released 32 tons of toxic gases, including methyl isocyanate (MIC) resulting in over 4,000 deaths and many, many more lasting injuries.

For related place names see Indian Place names and Madhya Pradesh place names.


King Bhoja, Bada Talab (Bhopal)         SUBHASH E