Hin: बेगूसराय begusrāy

‘Ladies’ Inn’  City/District, Bihar (Bih)

From Hin/Urd: वेगम beg’am, begum, ‘title for Muslim lady/wife’; सराय sarāi, ‘inn’, ‘resting place’.

This would orginally have been a stopover or staging post.

Begusarai, for many decades from the 1930s, was a communist stronghold mobilising the landless and poor to rise up against local zamindars. This earned it the nickname ‘Leningrad of Bihar’.

Begusaria District is a key industrial hub with many plants operating in the region.

It is known as the industrial capital of Bihar and hosts hosts the Barauni thermal power plant, the Barauni-Kanpur gas pipeline, the Barauni refinery, Barauni Dairy, Garhara Locomotive Shed and  Barauni Fertilisers.

For related place names see Indian Place names and Bihar place names.


Barauni Thermal Power Station, Begusarai. The origin of the Indian place name Begusarai is given here.

Barauni Thermal Power Station, Begusarai                      Dhanoaprabha