Ben: বর্ধমান bardhamāna
‘(City of) Vardhaman’ [Burdwan, Vardhaman] City/District, West Bengal
Burdwan is the British corruption of Bardhaman [Skt: Vardhamana]. The origin possibly dates back to Mahavira or Vardhaman, the 6thC BC Jain Tirthankar who was a contemporary of the Buddha. He is said to have spent a monsoon here, when it was called Astikagrama; consequently the town was named after him (then or possibly much later).
Alternatively, it may simply be a ‘prosperous city’ [from Skt: vardha, ‘(giving or increasing) prosperity’].
Bardhaman is the HQ of Purba Bardhaman district.