Odi: ଅନୁଗୋଳ anugoḻa
‘Pleasant City’ [Angulaka-Pattana, Anugul] – City/District, Odisha
From Skt: anukūla, ‘favourable’, ‘agreeable‘ (lit. ‘with the slope/current/grain’); and Odi: paṭṭana, ‘town’, ‘city’.
Angul is referred to as the ‘heart’ of Odisha: the Anukula or Angulaka kingdom has always had a strategic location between the western (inland) and eastern (coastal) regions of Odisha.
At one point it was a Khond stronghold and some say the name may be related to Anu, the last Khond tribal chief, who was behind a Odi: goḻa/guḻ, ‘conspiracy’, ‘plot’ to start a rebellion.
Also: 1. ‘Beautiful City’, from Tam/Tel: aṅkam/aṅgu, ‘beauty’; and Odi: paṭṭana, ‘town’, ‘city’.
Angul is also called the ‘Industrial Capital’ of Odisha: it generates more revenue than any other district and has an advanced industrial economy based on coal, aluminium and thermal power.