Hin: चित्तौड़गढ़ c(h)ittōṛagaṛh
‘Chitranga’s Fort’ [Chitrakuta] – City/District, Rajasthan
From Chitrangada and Hin/Skt: gaṛh, kuṭa/koṭa, ‘fort’.
Chitrangada, a Mauryan ruler, founded Chittorgarh in the 3rdC, although mythology connects the fort to the mighty Bhima, the second son of Pandu in the Mahabharata. The fort, positioned on a 180m hill covering 2.8 sq. km, is the largest in India. The Mewar/Udaipur Kingdom captured it in the 7thC.
There were many bitter conflicts with Muslim invaders including three sieges: in 1303 against the Delhi Sultanate; in 1535 against Bahadur Shah; and finally, in 1567, when Emperor Akbar it captured it. It remained in Mughal hands until the arrival of the British.
Chittorgarh Fort: Gaumukh Reservoir Ritukejai